For more information about bladder cancer diagnosis and treatment, see the National Cancer Institute (US) Bladder cancer treatment (PDQ®): health professional version.
Clinical practice guidelines for bladder cancer:
- European Society for Medical Oncology (2014). Bladder cancer: ESMO practice guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up
- European Society of Urology (2017). Oncology guidelines: muscle-invasive and metastatic bladder cancer
- National Comprehensive Cancer Network (2017). NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: bladder cancer, version 4.2017 (register for free to access these)
- National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2015). Bladder cancer: diagnosis and management
When reading materials that are published in other countries, note that some of the information may not apply to Australian patients.